Top 3 most famous festival in the world
Eid ul Adha,
Eid ul Adha, also known as Eid al-Adha or the Festival of Sacrifice, is one of the most significant religious holidays celebrated by Muslims around the world. It commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God, as mentioned in the Quran. Just as Ibrahim was about to sacrifice his son, God intervened and provided a lamb for the sacrifice instead.
Eid ul Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the final month of the Islamic lunar calendar, and lasts for four days. The exact date of the festival is determined by the sighting of the new moon.
During Eid ul Adha, Muslims perform several religious rituals and engage in various activities:
Pilgrimage to Mecca: Muslims who are financially and physically able undertake the Hajj pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Hajj is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is performed during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah. It culminates with the celebration of Eid ul Adha.
Sacrifice (Qurbani): One of the central rituals of Eid ul Adha is the sacrifice of an animal, usually a goat, sheep, cow, or camel. This act symbolizes Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son and demonstrates obedience and submission to God. The meat from the sacrificed animal is divided into three parts: one part is given to the poor and needy, another part is shared with family and friends, and the final part is kept for personal consumption.
Prayers: Muslims gather in mosques or designated prayer grounds to perform special congregational prayers called the Eid prayer. The prayer consists of a sermon followed by a specific number of units of prayer. It is a time for the community to come together and offer gratitude to God.
Festive Celebrations: Eid ul Adha is a time of joy, family, and community. Muslims dress in their best clothes, exchange greetings, visit friends and relatives, and share meals. It is customary to give gifts and provide assistance to those in need, emphasizing the importance of charity and kindness.
Reflection and Remembrance: Eid ul Adha is a time for Muslims to reflect on the values of sacrifice, faith, and obedience. It serves as a reminder of Prophet Ibrahim's devotion and the importance of being willing to give up something significant for the sake of God.
Eid ul Adha holds immense religious and cultural significance in the Muslim world, fostering a sense of unity, generosity, and compassion. It promotes the values of selflessness and empathy, encouraging Muslims to share their blessings with others and strengthen their relationship with God and the community.
Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most important Hindu festivals celebrated in India and by Hindus worldwide. It is a five-day festival that usually falls between October and November, according to the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.
The festival holds deep religious and cultural significance for Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhists. Each community has its own unique customs and legends associated with Diwali, but the overall theme remains the same.
During Diwali, homes and public spaces are illuminated with countless oil lamps called "diyas" or candles, decorative lights, and colorful rangolis (intricate patterns made with colored powders or flower petals). The lighting of diyas symbolizes the triumph of light and goodness over darkness.
The festival begins with Dhanteras, which is the worship of wealth and prosperity. People clean their homes, buy new clothes, and make special purchases, particularly of gold or silver items, to bring good fortune.
The second day is known as Choti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdashi, which commemorates the slaying of the demon Narakasura by Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama. This day is observed by lighting oil lamps and bursting firecrackers.
The third day is the main Diwali festival, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Families gather, wear new clothes, exchange gifts, and offer prayers to deities, particularly Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Fireworks and firecrackers light up the sky, adding to the festive spirit.
The fourth day is Govardhan Puja, which honors Lord Krishna's act of lifting the Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers from heavy rains and floods. Devotees create small hillocks of cow dung to represent the Govardhan Hill and offer prayers.
The fifth and final day is Bhai Dooj, which celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters pray for the well-being of their brothers, and brothers give gifts as a token of their love and affection.
Diwali is also a time for feasting and enjoying various traditional sweets and savory dishes. Families and friends come together to share meals and exchange delicacies.
Beyond its religious significance, Diwali has become a cultural celebration that promotes harmony, unity, and the spirit of sharing. It is a time for forgiveness, new beginnings, and strengthening relationships. Many people also use the occasion to give back to the community by donating to charitable causes and helping those in need.
Overall, Diwali is a joyous festival that celebrates light, prosperity, and the triumph of good over evil. It brings people together, spreads happiness, and ignites a sense of hope and positivity.
Dia de los Muertos,
Dia de los Muertos, also known as the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexican holiday celebrated on November 1st and 2nd. It is a time to honor and remember deceased loved ones, and it has deep cultural and historical roots in Mexico.
Dia de los Muertos combines indigenous Aztec rituals with Catholicism, reflecting the blending of indigenous and Spanish colonial cultures in Mexico. The holiday is based on the belief that during these specific days, the souls of the departed return to the earthly realm to visit their families and loved ones.
The festivities typically begin on the evening of October 31st, known as All Hallows' Eve or Halloween, with families gathering to prepare for the arrival of the spirits. Altars, called "ofrendas," are set up in homes and cemeteries to welcome and honor the deceased. These ofrendas are adorned with marigolds, candles, photographs of the departed, favorite foods, drinks, and personal mementos of the deceased. The scent of marigolds is believed to guide the spirits to the altars.
Families also visit the gravesites of their loved ones, cleaning and decorating them with flowers and candles. It is common to see cemeteries filled with vibrant colors, music, and lively celebrations as people remember and commemorate the lives of their ancestors. Many families spend the entire night at the graves, sharing stories, playing music, and enjoying food and drinks together.
Dia de los Muertos is not a sad or somber occasion but rather a joyous celebration of life and death. It is believed that the spirits of the departed return to enjoy the festivities with their families. The holiday is characterized by vibrant colors, elaborate costumes, face painting resembling skulls or "calacas," and the iconic sugar skulls, or "calaveras," which are intricately decorated and often personalized with the names of the deceased.
Food also plays a significant role in Dia de los Muertos celebrations. Traditional dishes such as pan de muerto (a sweet bread), sugar skulls, tamales, and mole are prepared and shared among family and friends. It is believed that the spirits consume the essence of the food, while the living enjoy the physical sustenance.
Dia de los Muertos is recognized as an important cultural event in Mexico and has gained popularity in other parts of the world. It is celebrated with parades, exhibitions, art installations, and community gatherings that showcase the rich traditions and artistic expressions associated with the holiday.
Overall, Dia de los Muertos is a beautiful and meaningful holiday that honors the deceased, celebrates life, and strengthens the bonds between the living and the dead. It serves as a reminder that death is a natural part of life and provides an opportunity to remember and cherish the memories of those who have passed away.